The name “turquoise” has an uncertain origin but most likely derives from a phrase meaning “Turkish stone,” possibly a reference to the Persian turquoise trade route, which passed through Turkey. History and romance. Egypt’s first dynasty used turquoise in earrings, necklaces, rings, bracelets, anklets, belts, and headdresses. It also was carved into scarabs worn by priests and nobility. Turquoise played an important part in Native American life, dating back to about 700 b.c. Native Americans saw in turquoise the blending of two spirits, sea and sky, and used it to bless their warriors and hunters. They also used turquoise for arrowheads, believing it sharpened their aim. Until recently, the world’s finest turquoise came from the Neyshabur (Nishapur) mines in Iran, which, according to 12th-century writings, were opened by Isaac, son of Abraham. Some are still mined and

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