If you decided to spend one day a month working to improve your selling techniques, would you know what to work on? Knowing can mean the difference between zero and a 10 to 20 percent improvement in sales, but many organizations—and sales associates—don’t know what to work on first, because they don’t do a good job measuring elements of their sales process. Thus, they miss the opportunity to anticipate changes in year-end results.
Appraising the Situation
Consider the following:
Do you measure aspects of your sales process beyond sales or closing ratio?
How often do your cus-tomers say, “No, thank you?”
What percent of people who enter your store leave without buying?
Of those that don’t buy, where do most become dis-connected from the sales process?
How long, on average, does it take a customer to buy?
Do you regularly collect in-formation from customers on what they think about your sales process?
There are two pieces in the measurement puzzle: deciding what to measure and finding an efficient way to measure it. This month I’ll discuss the first piece.
Measure the process—notonly final outcomes. Most retailers measure sales, andmany measure closing ratio.These are fine macro mea-sures, but to improve a processyou need to know where thegreatest potential for im-provement resides. Consider these measures: how often (and when) customers don’tbuy, percentage of customers who discuss their needs or dreams, kinds of information sales associates glean beforemaking a recommendation, how often customers show interest in an item initially recommended, and how oftensales associates prove a re-commendation right by link-ing it to a specific need ordream described by the cus-tomer. Such information lets you know where improve-ment is likely to have the greatest impact on sales and can help you predict changes in year-end sales.
Think about (and measure) what is not happening. For example, a certain percentage of customers will not want assistance when they first enter the store but may be open to being approached once they’ve had time to browse. How effective are your sales associates in re-entering the sale by engaging these customers in a dialogue? What’s the close ratio for them?
Know your sales funnel. This refers to what happens to customers as they move through the sales process. You need to know where people are becoming disconnected. The point at which the greatest drop occurs is often where improvements will increase sales most. For example, if sales associates are engaging 85 percent of customers in discussions about their needs and dreams, but only 20 percent of these show interest in one of the first items presented, work first on improving presentation strategies, not greetings.
Time is money. A powerful way to improve efficiency is to shorten the sales cycle. A shorter cycle means the same sales force can close more business. You should know how long your sales process typically takes as well as differences in selling time among sales associates. Determine the typical sales cycle of your best salesperson, and then figure out how others can modify their techniques to emulate the best.
Get the customer’s pers-pective. Selling is also about building and projecting your brand. To know what you’re projecting, find out how customers feel they’re being treated. How would they like to be treated differently? What’s missing?
Examine your sales process through the microscope of measurement rather than through the wrong end of a telescope. It will let you know where improvement will have the greatest impact on sales and also forewarn you of changes in year-end results.
Next month, I’ll discuss ways of collecting such measures in a cost-effective manner.